A long training period that takes place over six months to four years.


The name given to nutrients that your body requires in larger quantities. Macronutrients include fat, protein, and carbohydrate.


The training theory that maintaining current fitness levels requires less intensity than improving current fitness levels.

Maximal Strength

The maximum amount of force a muscle (or muscle group) can produce for one repetition of a given exercise.


Supplements that provide more than 100% of the daily value of the body’s required vitamins and minerals.


A shorter phase of a mesocycle typically one week in length.


The name given to vitamins and minerals that your body only requires in small amounts. Examples are chromium, zinc, and selenium. Micronutrients are vital to your body’s ability to process the macronutrients of fat, protein, and carbohydrate.