Absolute Strength

The maximum amount of force a muscle can produce when completely unrestrained from bio-mechanical or psychological inhibition.

Acceleration Strength

The amount of speed strength continued throughout a movement after the initial starting strength.


Army Combat Readiness Test The ACRT replaces the APFT in FY19 as the standard physical fitness test for US Army Soldiers.  The ACRT has six events: “T” Push-up 250 meter Sprint/drag/carry Leg Tuck Standing Power Throw 3RM Deadlift 2-mile Run

Amino Acids

The building blocks that make up proteins. Humans need 20 different amino acids to function properly. Non-essential Amino Acids are made by the body and do not need to be ingested from food or supplements. Others, called Essential Amino Acids, must be obtained from food or supplement sources. However, both essential and non-essential amino acids may be … Read more


Substances, like vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene, that protect your body from the damage of oxidation caused by free radicals.


Army Physical Fitness Test Implemented in 1980 as the standard physical fitness test for all US Army Soldiers, the APFT tests muscular and cardiovascular strength and endurance through three events: Push-up Sit-up 2-mile Run Events are scored by counting the number of repetitions performed and assigning points for each repetition depending on age and gender. … Read more


Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) is a high-energy compound formed from the oxidation of fat and carbohydrate. It is used as the energy supply for muscles and body functions. When a muscle contracts and exerts force, the energy used to drive the contraction comes from ATP. However, since the amount of ATP immediately available to the muscle … Read more


Substances obtained from plants and used in food supplements.

Branched-Chain Amino Acids

The Essential Amino Acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine, which are commonly grouped together because they are the only amino acids that have a branched-chain of atoms in their molecular structure. Like the other amino acids, Branched-Chain Amino Acids, or BCAAs, are the building blocks the body uses to make protein. Together, they represent approximately 35–40% … Read more


A dipeptide protein of two amino acids (histidine and beta-alanine) produced naturally in the body. Carnosine is highly concentrated in the muscles (when under tension) and brain, but it also used by the heart, liver, and kidneys.  It is believed to contribute significantly to muscle strength, muscle power, endurance, muscle growth, and possibly even fat loss. … Read more